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Aztec Calendar

Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years ago

Two Kinds of Calendar 

 

 

 

 

·       The xiuhpohualli and the tonalpohualli calendar

 

 

o       The xiuhpohualli calendar has 365 days (365 day calendar)

 

 

o       The tonalpohualli calendar has 260 days (day-count calendar)

 

 

·       The calendars are used for either agricultural or ritual reasons

 

 

    • Aztecs usually focus on the day-count calendar

       

Tonalpohualli

 

 

 

 

·       Called the sacred calendar

 

 

o       This calendar divides the days and rituals (symbols) between the gods

 

o       It is composed of two wheels that are connected to each other

 

 

 

·        One wheel would consist of numbers ranging from one to thirteen

 

 

 

·        The other wheel would consist of twenty symbols

 

·       The two wheels would go around in a cycle

 

 

·       When the first number and symbol realign it represents a century

 

 

o       52 years equals a century to Aztecs, usually the time when the wheels realign to start the cycle all over again

 

 

·        They believe that everyone lives up to a century and the gods would take their lives after they have lived a century

 

 

 

·        Holds a festival that lasts 12 days in which no light would be seen from homes

 

 

 

·        On the twelfth day at midnight, the Aztecs would take a prisoner and wake until the star of fire reaches zenith; to take out the heart of prisoner as an offering to the sun god

 

 

 

 

 

Xiuhpohualli

 

 

·       This calendar is used as an agricultural calendar

 

 

o       The calendar is based on the sun

 

 

o       Calendar is put on top of the ritual calendar to form one calendar (the wheel with symbols) also known as the Sun Stone

 

 

o       It has all the symbols that are used as a dedication to the god in which the number of day that the god presides

 

 

 

 

Gods

 

 

·       The calendars are designed in a way that the days can be divided equally to each god

 

 

o       Each god was fighting over who gets power, so the Aztecs designed their calendar in order to evenly distribute the days to each god

 

 

 

o       Gods are thought to be sun, based their calendar structure on a figure that represents the sun

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aztec vs. Mayan

 

 

·       Some people mistake the Aztec calendar as the Mayan calendar

 

 

o       Both calendars are similar, but the Aztec calendar lacks a precise way of recording their dates

 

 

·        Because of the Aztec calendar only consisting of thirteen numbers, when they record the day of which a ritual happened it would be ambiguous because the number repeats faster than the symbols

 

 

 

 

·        Aztec calendars is based off of Mayan calendars, Aztec switched the meanings and the use of the calendars to make theirs different from Mayan calendars

 

 

Citation

 

 

·       http://www.azteccalendar.com/azteccalendar.html

 

 

·       http://www.crystalinks.com/aztecalendar.html

 

 

·       http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_calendar

 

 

  By: Michelle Chan

 

Comments (5)

Anonymous said

at 1:06 pm on Oct 14, 2008

I agree with the other comments above in that the page is very short and to the point. I enjoyed learning about the Aztec calendars since i did not know much about any of them before.

Anonymous said

at 12:57 pm on Oct 14, 2008

Your page was easy to understand and it got straight to the point. And it was quite informative. However I would like to mention that you have the same picture that is on my page.

Anonymous said

at 12:54 pm on Oct 14, 2008

Your information is quick and to the point. Very concise.

Anonymous said

at 12:49 pm on Oct 14, 2008

Hi Michelle. I liked your page somewhat. I like how the page was set up, but it was kind of confusing. There's so many bullets and stuff that its hard to understand what's going on. It would also be helpful if you write how you would pronounce the name of those two different calendar. More pictures would be nice too.

Anonymous said

at 12:34 pm on Oct 14, 2008

Hi Michelle! I really like your page! You explained pretty well the astronomical significance present in the Aztec calendar. I especially thought that the history and background information you provided was interesting. I also liked the last part explaining the difference between the Mayan and Aztec calendar. However, you could have added more images or graphics to enhance the site.

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